Living With Coyotes In Vermilion

Coyotes are extremely adaptable. They are the only large wild predator that have extended their range despite human intrusion into habitat…..they now live in rural and urban areas from California to Maine, from alpine to desert habitat. They have adapted to life in Vermilion seamlessly. The World Animal Foundation offers these tips for living with coyotes in Vermilion, Ohio.

The coyote is a true survivor of all conditions. They can be found in swamps, grasslands, dense forests, deserts and high mountains and can live off just about anything. Being a natural scavenger, the call of the city, town and suburb makes more additions to their habitat. Over and above their normal diet of snakes, rodents, rabbits, frogs, birds and grasshoppers, coyotes have added dog and cat food and garbage to their repertoire.

Coyotes resemble collie dogs and have brownish gray fur and a belly that is cream-colored. They weigh 20 - 45 pounds and are highly reproductive animals, something that has made their proliferation into towns and cities easier. Big parks and landscaping surrounding golf courses are some of the creature’s favorite urban hangouts.

Coyotes come into heat once a year in late winter or spring. About two months later they bear roughly six pubs, which begin to emerge from the den about two weeks later. They are less social than wolves or domestic dogs and usually hunt alone, although they sometimes hunt in pairs for larger prey.

Coyotes are carnivores, and opportunistic. 90% of their diet is meat, carrion, mice, rats, ground squirrels, marmots, prairie dogs, other rodents, and the occasional bird. Any environment that attracts small rodents will, in turn attract coyotes.

So, since we all live in coyote country..... 

  • Closely supervise small children, dogs and cats and keep them in, especially at dusk and dawn.
  • Eliminate hiding cover in landscaping and dwellings. Make it difficult for coyotes to approach unseen.
  • Install outside motion detectors.
  • Predators follow prey. Securely store garbage, grains, pet foods and other items that attract rodents.
  • Make sure trash is secure at all times. Trash receptacles should be kept tightly closed at all times. Wild animals will not live where they cannot eat. Removing the food source is the most effective way to evict them.
  • Feed companion animals inside. Don't allow a build-up of uneaten bird seed near human residence.
  • If putting out food for stray cats, only put out enough food to satisfy their hunger. Pick the food up when the cats finish so the leftovers don’t attract rodents or wild animals. Always trap, neuter and return cats in a feral colony you are managing.
  • Try deterrents. Sprays and other agents that are designed to keep unwanted animals away can be purchased at most garden or hardware stores.
  • If you are confronted.....stay calm, look big and tough, and back away.

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